FASCINATION CAOUTCHOUC

The development of the use of caoutchouc, as a material for innovative inflatable boats manufacture, derived from earlier applications as a versatile raw material for solid rubber tyres.

During his second voyage to America, Christopher Columbus noticed natives on Haiti, who played with a jumping ball. He was amazed, for he had never before seen a material of such elastic composition. He made no written notes though. Years later only the Spaniard Fernando Cortez made written notes of the encounter with jumping balls, and took those to Europe. Caoutchouc thus arrived on the ´old continent`.

It took more than 500 years, until Nobel price winner Hermann Staudinger paid attention to caoutchouc on a scientific basis. His pioneering discovery: Caoutchouc, this substance obtained from the milky juice of the paracaoutchouc tree contained highmolecular hydrocarbon.
Staudingers discovery was fundamental to the development of the modern plastics industry. In those days caoutchouc was commonly used in the manufacture of waistbands, suspenders, waterproof raincoats, hoses and even shoes. The breakthrough came during the 19th century. Scientists discovered, that with applications introducing sulphur to caoutchouc under a certain heat, the caoutchouc converted to an entirely new material. That was the beginning of rubber. Time was ready for soft rubber goods and solid tyres for coaches, bicycles and others.

Nowadays caoutchouc offers distinctive properties. It is elastic, reversible, abrasion proof, thermal resistant and environmentally friendly. Its excellently attributes for combination with fabrics places no limit on the creativity of material research. An abundance of compositions and mixing ratios are available for any tailor made application:

  • All vehicles on the road run on tyres made from caoutchouc.
  • Pneumatic cushioned suspensions render travelling by train comfortable.
  • Shock absorber beds cushion vibration of vehicles, machines and wind-generators.
  • Drive belts transmit motor power onto the road.
  • Coach work seals keep wind and water away from the interior.
  • Raw materials are transported low noise and environmentally friendly on conveyor belts.
  • Fast running printing blankets revolutionized the printing industry.
  • Caoutchouc tarpaulin fabrics with a lifespan of more than 40 years cover flat roofs.
  • Etc. etc. etc.

Last but not least, high value boat skin fabrics are produced from caoutchouc. Offering great properties, i.e. high resistance to abrasion, UV-, ozone-, heatand cold resistance, ageing stability and highly environmentally friendly, modern caoutchouc is the ideal and renewable material of today and for the future.

=> Caoutchouc - The material mankind can not do without

Raw-materials for caoutchouc-compounds.
Boat-skin: (A) High-tensile polyester fabric (B) EPDM (C) Butyl natural caoutchouc
The finished boat is the result of the caoutchouc raw material vulcanisation process.

DEFINITION:

Caoutchouc:
General term for elastic polymer processed from the material of which rubber is made, derived from a milky colloid produced by some tropical plants, collected and refined into a gooey elastic material.


Elastomer:
General term for elastic rubber-like plastics, which deform under conditions of tensile strain and pressure, but subsequently return to their original shape.


Rubber:
General term for materials and finished products made from vulcanized caoutchouc.


Polymers:
Chemical compound composed of a multitude of macromolecules.


Hypalon:
Brand name off DuPont for CSM-caoutchouc.